Man and Reptiles

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The majority of reptiles are useful and do silent service to man in controlling agricultural pests, both insects and rodents, but excite little interest in man. If it were not for the poisonous snakes, reptiles as a group would be largely ignored.

The greatest danger to this useful group of animals (?) is for demand for their skin for commercial purposes.

Malcolm Smith drew attention over sixty years ago to the danger of extinction facing many reptile species due to this cause.

The skin trade has made Indian Crocodiles endangered, and the demand for snake and lizard skins remains a constant threat to the survival of such useful reptiles as the monitor lizard and rat snake.

100,000 Elephants Killed in Africa

african-elephant

A study conducted by elephant experts in Africa confirmed that 100,000 elephants were killed in Africa during 2012-2014. This study further concluded that the proportion of illegally killed elephants has climbed from 25 percent of all elephant deaths a decade ago to roughly 65 percent of all elephant deaths today, a percentage that, if continued, will lead to the extinction of the species.

This increase in poaching of African elephant is mainly due to high demand for ivory from China.

The peer-review study was published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It was co-authored by experts from Save the Elephants, the Kenya Wildlife Service, an international group called MIKE responsible for monitoring the illegal killings of elephants, and two international universities.

For more details please read this scientific article…

Illegal killing for ivory drives global decline in African elephants

 

What is the Feed of Wild Leopard In India?

camera trap image of a leopard looking for its favorite prey. Credit:WCS

camera trap image of a leopard looking for its favorite prey. Credit:WCS

The scat samples obtained from leopards in India’s Ahmednagar’s district in Maharashtra, found that 87 percent of their diet was made up of domestic animals. Among domestic animals, domestic dog dominated as the most common prey item at 39 percent and domestic cats were second at 15 percent. This list was folowed by rodents, monkeys, and mongoose, and birds in descending order.

The big cats even seem to prefer eating domestic dogs in areas where cows, goats and other farm animals are plentiful, according to a new study.

This study was published in Oryx journal, September 2014 issue. This was published by a set of authors from India that includes Vidya Athreya and Ullas Karanth of the Wildlife Conservation Society, Morten Odden of Hedmark University , John D.C. Linnell of the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, and Jagdish Krishnaswamy of the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment.

“During the past two to three decades, legal regulation of leopard hunting, increased conservation awareness and the rising numbers of feral dogs as prey have all led to an increase in leopard numbers outside of nature reserves in agricultural landscapes”, the author confirms.

As bottom line, the wildlife vets should be ready to face the challenge  of outbreak of canine distemper int ensuing days among these wild big cats as they are feeding on feral dogs, which might be the carrier of Canine distemper.

 

Cooperative feeding in Chimps- A perfect feeding method in Zoo

chimp

Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur, Chennai, India is trying to mimic the natural environment by cultivating the habit of cooperative feeding among chimps. This method of feeding is prevailing among these non-human primates in nature.

What is cooperative feeding?

Dubreuil, the behavioural scientist inferred that two cooperative foraging strategies are evidenced among Homo lineage. They are hunting in group and extensive food sharing. Dubreuil acknowledges that joint hunting and meat sharing is present in apes, yet thinks these practices are not as pervasive as in humans.

In forests, the dominant animal in a group eats its share first, before leaving some for the subordinate ones. Eventually, every animal in the group gets its due share. This technique helps to maintain social bonding among themselves.

This technique was followed in Arignar Anna Zoological park. the dominant animal will be fed at first, followed by the subordinates. This is practiced among chimpanzees in order to prevent aggressiveness towards submissive animals as well as develop breeding among themselves.

Hats off to the AAZP authorities!!!

For further reading…

Vaesen, K. (2012). Cooperative feeding and breeding, and the evolution of executive control. Biology & philosophy, 27(1), 115-124.

 

Advanced Bear Care Workshop- 2014

The dynamic bear husbandry workshop in the name of Advanced Bear Care-2014 (ABC-2014) is going to be organized in Barsov, Romania at the Kronwell Brasov Hotel from 8-11 October, 2014. This year Bear care group is partnered with Romanian Federation of Zoos and Aquaria to conduct this worship in an effective manner.

This workshop will cover the following topics:

  • Wild bear behavior
  • Enclosure design
  • Enrichment for bears
  • Bear nutrition and diet
  • Veterinary and bear welfare practices

Click here for registration – “ABC 2014- Romania Workshop“.

bear workshop

Three White Tiger Cubs for Visitors Display in Zoo

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(Photo courtesy: The Hindu)

Three white tiger cubs (2 females and one male) of 3 months old borne  to 10-year old female white tiger Anu on  was released for visitors display in Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur on 24th July,2014. These tiger were christened as Meera, Thara and Bheema by the Tamil Nadu Chief minister, Dr.J.Jayalalitha.

The cubs are being allowed to spend the time from morning till 2 p.m. in the open-moated enclosures.

They will not be allowed to mingle with their father, as the male could attack the cubs, resulting in their death.

 

 

THE WILDLIFE SOCIETY ANNUAL CONFERENCE- PITTSBURG

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For more than 75 years, The Wildlife Society (TWS) has been protecting the future of wildlife and wild places through science-based education and sharing best practices in wildlife management. Start making your plans now to experience TWS live in Pittsburgh, PA this October!

The wildlife society is going to organise 21st Annual conference at Pittsburgh, PA from Octiber 25-30th, 2014. Registration is now open!

Early registration rates are only available through August 31, 2014.

Regular:

$390 early registration
$440 standard registration
$175 early one-day registration
$200 standard one-day registration

For registration click the link below….

http://wildlifesociety.org/register-2/

Travel grants are available for students. Just click this travel grant link for  getting details about the same. ALL THE BEST!!!

Mid-air Bizarre: Crocodile killed 19 Persons

croc

 

There was a mid air bizarre on October-2010 due to the escape of a crocodile from the sports bag in the air craft immediately after its start. All the 18 members including the pilot died during this crash except one who narrated this story.

The plane smashed into an empty house just a few hundred metres from its destination.

“The crocodile survived the crash before being cut up with a machete.”

The plane was a Czech-made Let L-410 Turbolet, one of more than 1,100 produced as short-range transport aircraft and used mainly for passenger services.

$1.7 million Grants for Wetland and Wildlife Conservation

The Maine Natural Resource Conservation Program, a wildlife conservation programme  – which is administered by The Nature Conservancy in collaboration with the Maine Department of Environmental Protection and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – announced awards totaling more than $1.2 million to help restore, enhance or preserve wetlands and other important habitats at 12 project sites around the state.

For details and download the application, please visit the following link $1.7 million Grants.

LAST DATE FOR APPLICATION SUBMISSION- 30-06-2014